IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) and Infertility

IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) and Infertility


In vitro fertilization (IVF) is now almost a household word. But not long before, it was a mysterious infertility treatment that resulted in “test-tube infants.” Louise Brown, conceived outside her mother’s womb and born in England in 1978, was the first of her kind.

Unlike artificial insemination, which involves inserting sperm in the uterus and allowing natural pregnancy to occur, IVF involves mixing eggs and sperm outside the body in a laboratory. After forming an embryo or embryos, they are implanted in the uterus.IVF and other related methods have produced over 200,000 babies till date since their introduction in 1981.

In this article, Dr. Mohit Saraogi will discuss everything you should know about IVF treatment along with IVF cost in Mumbai.

What types of infertility can be treated with IVF?

If you or your partner has been diagnosed with one of the following disorders, IVF could be a choice for you.

  • Endometriosis
  • Sperm counts are low.
  • Obstacles to the uterus or the fallopian tubes
  • Obstacles to ovulation
  • Problems with antibodies that damage sperm or eggs
  • Sperm are unable to penetrate or live in cervical mucus.
  • Eggs of low quality
  • Mother’s or father’s genetic disorder
  • Unknown cause of infertility

“Except in cases of complete tubal blockage, IVF is never the first step in the treatment of infertility. It’s only used in situations where other treatments have failed, such as fertility medications, surgery, or artificial insemination.” Says Dr. Mohit Saraogi who is one of the best IVF specialist in Mumbai.

If you think IVF may be right for you, research every treatment facility thoroughly before committing to the procedure. Here are some questions to ask the fertility clinic’s staff:

  • How many pregnancies do you get per embryo transfer?
  • What is your pregnancy rate for couples our age who have a fertility issue?
  • What is the overall live birth rate for all couples who have this procedure at your facility each year?
  • What percentage of those births are twins or other multiples?
  • What would the total cost of the operation be, including the hormone treatments?
  • How much does storing embryos cost, and how long will we hold them?

What Do I Expect From In Vitro Fertilization?

The first step in IVF is to inject hormones into your body so that you can produce several eggs per month rather than just one. After that, you’ll be checked to see if you’re eligible for egg retrieval.

You will be given injections of a drug that ripens the developing eggs and initiates the ovulation process prior to the retrieval procedure. The eggs must be collected just before they emerge from the follicles in the ovaries, so timing is crucial. The eggs will not grow normally if they are removed too early or too late. Before retrieving the eggs, your doctor may perform blood tests or an ultrasound to ensure that they are at the proper stage of growth. Special instructions will be given to you by the IVF facility the night before and the day of the operation. The majority of women are given pain relief and the option of being lightly sedated or being completely anesthetized.

Your doctor will use ultrasound to find follicles in the ovary and a hollow needle to extract the eggs during the operation. The procedure takes less than 30 minutes on average, but it may take up to an hour.

Your eggs will be combined in the laboratory with your partner’s sperm, which they will have donated on the same day as the retrieval.

The fertilized eggs are kept in the clinic under observation to ensure optimum growth when you and your wife go home. You will have to wait up to five days for the embryo to enter the advanced blastocyst stage, depending on the clinic.

You can return to the IVF facility until the embryos are ready so that doctors can insert one or more into your uterus. This technique is less time consuming and less difficult than retrieving the egg. A flexible tube called a catheter will be inserted through your vaginal and cervix and into your uterus, where the embryos will be implanted. Most IVF experts suggest moving up to three embryos at a time to improve the likelihood of pregnancy. However, this means you may have multiple pregnancies, which will put both you and the babies at risk. You will normally remain in bed for several hours after the operation and be discharged four to six hours later. Around two weeks after the embryo transfer, the doctor will most likely conduct a pregnancy test on you.

Cost OF IVF & Other Assisted Reproductive Technologies In Mumbai

Procedure Cost in Saraogi Hospital, Mumbai
IUI Rs. 6,000 – Rs. 9,000
IVF Rs. 90,000 – Rs. 1,00,000
ICSI Rs. 1,10,000 – Rs. 1,30,000
Frozen Embryo Transfer Rs. 35,000 – Rs. 40,000
Laser Assisted Hatching Rs. 15,000 – Rs. 17,000
IMSI Rs. 1, 45,000 – Rs. 1, 65,000